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Emergency Management Training

Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) Program

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The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) Program provides an opportunity for Cobb County citizens to gain knowledge about disaster preparedness for hazards that may impact their areas and trains them in basic disaster response skills such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster medical operations.

Using the training learned in the classroom and during exercises, CERT members can assist others in their neighborhoods or workplaces following events when professional responders are not immediately available to help.

To join Cobb County CERT, you must:

  • Be over the age of 16
  • Live, work or worship in Cobb County
  • Pass a Criminal History background check

Introduction

Following a major disaster, first responders who provide fire and medical services will not be able to meet the demand for these services.

Factors such as number of victims, communication failures and road blockages will prevent people from accessing emergency services they have come to expect at a moment's notice through 911. People will have to rely on each other for help in order to meet their immediate life saving and life sustaining needs.

One also expects that under these kinds of conditions, family members, fellow employees and neighbors will spontaneously try to help each other. This was the case following the Mexico City earthquake where untrained, spontaneous volunteers saved 800 people. However, 100 people lost their lives while attempting to save others. This is a high price to pay and is preventable through training.

If we can predict that emergency services will not meet immediate needs following a major disaster, especially if there is no warning as in an earthquake and people will spontaneously volunteer, what can government do to prepare citizens for this eventuality?

First, present citizens the facts about what to expect following a major disaster in terms of immediate services. Second, give the message about their responsibility for mitigation and preparedness. Third, train them in needed life saving skills with emphasis on decision making skills, rescuer safety and doing the greatest good for the greatest number. Fourth, organize teams so that they are an extension of first responder services offering immediate help to victims until professional services arrive.

Background

The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) concept was developed and implemented by the Los Angeles City Fire Department (LAFD) in 1985. The Whittier Narrows earthquake in 1987 underscored the area-wide threat of a major disaster in California. Further, it confirmed the need for training civilians to meet their immediate needs. As a result, the LAFD created the Disaster Preparedness Division with the purpose of training citizens and private and government employees.

The training program that LAFD initiated makes good sense and furthers the process of citizens understanding their responsibility in preparing for disaster. It also increases their ability to safely help themselves, their family and their neighbors. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recognizes the importance of preparing citizens. The Emergency Management Institute (EMI) and the National Fire Academy adopted and expanded the CERT materials believing them applicable to all hazards.

The CERT course will benefit any citizen who takes it. This individual will be better prepared to respond to and cope with the aftermath of a disaster. Additionally, if a community wants to supplement its response capability after a disaster, civilians can be recruited and trained as neighborhood, business and government teams that, in essence, will be auxiliary responders. These groups can provide immediate assistance to victims in their area, organize spontaneous volunteers who have not had the training and collect disaster intelligence that will assist professional responders with prioritization and allocation of resources following a disaster. Since 1993 when this training was made available nationally by FEMA, communities in 28 states and Puerto Rico have conducted CERT training.

Starting

We recommend a number of steps to start a CERT:

  1. Identify the program goals that CERT will meet and the resources available to conduct the program in your area.
  2. Gain approval from appointed and elected officials to use CERT as a means to prepare citizens to care for themselves during a disaster when services may not be adequate. This is an excellent opportunity for the government to be proactive in working with its constituency.
  3. Identify and recruit potential participants. Naturals for CERT are community groups, business and industry workers and local government workers.
  4. Train CERT instructor cadre.
  5. Conduct CERT sessions.
  6. Conduct refresher training and exercises with CERTs.

Delivery

The CERT course is delivered in the community by a team of first responders who have the requisite knowledge and skills to instruct the sessions. It is suggested that the instructors complete a CERT Train-the-Trainer (TTT) course conducted by their State Training Office for Emergency Management or the Emergency Management Institute in order to learn the training techniques that are used successfully by the LAFD.

The CERT training for community groups is usually delivered in 2 1/2 hour sessions, one evening a week over a 7 week period. The training consists of the following:

  • Session I, DISASTER PREPAREDNESS: Addresses hazards to which people are vulnerable in their community. Materials cover actions that participants and their families take before, during and after a disaster. As the session progresses, the instructor begins to explore an expanded response role for civilians in that they should begin to consider themselves disaster workers. Since they will want to help their family members and neighbors, this training can help them operate in a safe and appropriate manner. The CERT concept and organization are discussed as well as applicable laws governing volunteers in that jurisdiction.
  • Session II, DISASTER FIRE SUPPRESSION: Briefly covers fire chemistry, hazardous materials, fire hazards and fire suppression strategies. However, the thrust of this session is the safe use of fire extinguishers, sizing up the situation, controlling utilities and extinguishing a small fire.
  • Session III, DISASTER MEDICAL OPERATIONS PART I: Participants practice diagnosing and treating airway obstruction, bleeding and shock by using simple triage and rapid treatment techniques.
  • Session IV, DISASTER MEDICAL OPERATIONS, PART II: Covers evaluating patients by doing a head to toe assessment, establishing a medical treatment area, performing basic first aid and practicing in a safe and sanitary manner.
  • Session V, LIGHT SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS: Participants learn about search and rescue planning, size-up, search techniques, rescue techniques and, most important, rescuer safety.
  • Session VI, DISASTER PSYCHOLOGY AND TEAM ORGANIZATION: Covers signs and symptoms that might be experienced by the disaster victim and worker. It addresses CERT organization and management principles and the need for documentation.
  • Session VII, COURSE REVIEW AND DISASTER SIMULATION: Participants review their answers from a take home examination. Finally, they practice the skills that they have learned during the previous six sessions in disaster activity. During each session participants are required to bring safety equipment (gloves, goggles, mask) and disaster supplies (bandages, flashlight, dressings) which will be used during the session. By doing this for each session, participants are building a disaster response kit of items that they will need during a disaster.

Maintaining Involvement

When participants have completed this training, it is important to keep them involved and practiced in their skills. Trainers should offer periodic refresher sessions to reinforce the basic training. CERT teams can sponsor events such as drills, picnics, neighborhood clean up and disaster education fairs which will keep them involved and trained.

CERT members should receive recognition for completing their training. Communities may issue ID cards, vests and helmets to graduates.

First responders need to be educated about the CERT and their value to the community. Using CERT as a component of the response system when there are exercises for potential disasters can reinforce this idea.

Resources

FEMA supports CERT by conducting or sponsoring Train-the-Trainer and Program Manager courses for members of the fire, medical and emergency management community. The objectives of the TTT are to prepare attendees to promote this training in their community, conduct TTT's at their location, conduct training sessions for neighborhood, business and industry and government groups and organize teams with which first responders can interface following a major disaster.

Conclusion

CERT is about readiness, people helping people, rescuer safety and doing the greatest good for the greatest number. CERT is a positive and realistic approach to emergency and disaster situations where citizens will be initially on their own and their actions can make a difference. Through training, citizens can manage utilities and put out small fires; treat the three killers by opening airways, controlling bleeding, and treating for shock; provide basic medical aid; search for and rescue victims safely and organize themselves and spontaneous volunteers to be effective.

Initial Training

Upcoming Classes - Join today!

To sign up, use our online CERT Initial Training Application

Once completed, this online application will be submitted to the Cobb County EMA for processing. You will need to send a legible copy of your driver's license via e-mail to [email protected] to complete the application process. Please call Bernard King at (770) 499-4568 if you need assistance.

CERT training consists of the following:

  • Emergency Preparedness: Addresses hazards to which people are vulnerable in their communities. Materials cover actions that participants and their families take before, during, and after disasters.
  • Fire Safety: Briefly covers fire chemistry, hazardous materials, fire hazards, and fire suppression strategies. However, the thrust of this session is the safe use of fire extinguishers, sizing up situations, controlling utilities, and extinguishing small fires.
  • Medical Operations Part I: Participants practice diagnosing and treating airway obstructions, bleeding, and shock by using simple triage and rapid treatment techniques.
  • Medical Operations Part II: Covers evaluating patients by doing head-to-toe assessments, establishing a medical treatment area, performing basic first aid, and practicing in a safe and sanitary manner.
  • Light Search and Rescue Operations: Participants learn about search and rescue planning, size up, search techniques, rescue techniques, and most important, rescuer safety.
  • Disaster Psychology and Team Organization: Participants learn about problems in organizing teams under emergency conditions and operating a neighborhood command post. Students learn concepts of resource procurement and allocation, disaster psychology, damage assessment, and documentation.
  • Terrorism and CERT: Focuses on CERT operations before a disaster such as long-term planning, how to organize a neighborhood, evaluate available resources, and identify people with special needs.
  • If you have any questions about the classes, or if you would like to enroll, please email [email protected] or call (770) 499-4568. The EMA office will be happy to assist with any questions.

Cobb County CERT Training Schedule for 2018

Month Day(s) Length Time Slot Session 1 Session 2 Session 3
January Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 1/13 1/20 1/27
February Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. See "Partner Training Sites" See "Partner Training Sites" See "Partner Training Sites"
March Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 3/10 3/17 3/24
April Spring Break          
May Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 5/12 5/19 5/26
June Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 6/9 6/16 6/23
July Summer Break          
August Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 8/4 8/11 8/18
September Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 9/8 9/15 9/22
October Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 10/13 10/20 10/27
November Saturdays 8 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 11/3 11/10 11/17
December Winter Break          

Partner Training Sites

Month Day(s) Length Time Slot Session 1 Session 2 Session 3 Host Partners Comments Point of Contact
February Saturdays 7 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 2/10 2/17 2/24 Deaf CERT Taught in American Sign Language Aaron Shoemaker
February Wednesdays 7 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 2/14 2/21 2/28 Cobb County Senior Services Senior Wellness Center Tracy Shehab
March Saturdays 7 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 3/3 3/10 3/17 St. Ann's Catholic Church Church's School Classroom Lina Walsh
March Saturdays 7 hours each 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. 3/3 3/17 3/31 City of Kennesaw Ben Roberston Recreation Center Deanna Hendrickson

Course Layouts

CERT training sessions conducted in 3 hour time slots

Session 1 Session 2 Session 3 Session 4 Session 5 Session 6 Session 7 Session 8
Paperwork/Overview Fire Safety Medical Operations 1 Medical Operations 2 Search and Rescue Disaster Psychology CERT & Terrorism Skill Review
Disaster Preparedness       CERT Organization     Disaster Exercise
              Graduation

CERT training sessions conducted in an 8 hour time slots (all-day)

Session 1 Session 2 Session 3
Paperwork/Overview Medical Operations 2 Disaster Psychology
Disaster Preparedness Search and Rescue Skill Review
Fire Safety CERT Organization Disaster Exercise
Medical Operations 1 CERT & Terrorism Graduation

Additional Training

CERT members who wish to take more courses from home can take any of the FEMA Independent Study (IS) courses. Although, members are not limited, below is a list of CEMA recommended courses. More can also be found at training.fema.gov.

Recommended Courses

IS-1 Emergency Manager: An Orientation to the Position
IS-3 Radiological Emergency Management
IS-5.a An Introduction to Hazardous Materials
IS-7 A Citizen's Guide to Disaster Assistance
IS-8.a Building for the Earthquakes of Tomorrow: Complying with Executive Order 12699
IS-10.a Animals in Disasters: Awareness and Preparedness
IS-11.a Animals in Disasters: Community Planning
IS-20.12 Diversity Awareness
IS-21.12 Civil Rights and FEMA Disaster Assistance
IS-22 Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness
IS-33.12 FEMA Initial Ethics Orientation 2012
IS-35.12 FEMA Safety Orientation 2012
IS-36 Multihazard Planning for Childcare
IS-37 Managerial Safety and Health
IS-42 Social Media in Emergency Management
IS-55.a Household Hazardous Materials – A Guide for Citizens
IS-56 Hazardous Materials Contingency Planning
IS-75 Military Resources in Emergency Management
IS-100.b Introduction to Incident Command System, ICS-100
IS-101.b Deployment Basics
IS-102.b Deployment Basics for FEMA Response Partners
IS-105 Privacy Awareness Training
IS-106.12 Workplace Violence Awareness Training 2012
IS-120.a An Introduction to Exercises
IS-130 Exercise Evaluation and Improvement Planning
IS-139 Exercise Design
IS-144 Telecommunicators Emergency Response Taskforce (TERT) Basic Course
IS-200.b ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
IS-200.HCa Applying ICS to Healthcare Organizations
IS-201 Forms Used for the Development of the Incident Action Plan
IS-230.b Fundamentals of Emergency Management
IS-235.b Emergency Planning
IS-240.a Leadership & Influence
IS-241.a Decision Making and Problem Solving
IS-242.a Effective Communication
IS-244.a Developing and Managing Volunteers
IS-324.a Community Hurricane Preparedness
IS-325 Earthquake Basics: Science, Risk, and Mitigation
IS-326 Community Tsunami Preparedness
IS-559 Local Damage Assessment
IS-613 Technical Writing
IS-632.a Introduction to Debris Operations
IS-700.a National Incident Management System (NIMS) An Introduction
IS-701.a NIMS Multiagency Coordination System (MACS) Course
IS-800.b National Response Framework, An Introduction

Volunteer Organizations Active in Disaster (VOAD)

There are organizations which can benefit from your C.E.R.T. training that need you as a volunteer! Find your passion within an affiliated partner for disaster response.

Each faith-based organization has a disaster response ministry and the major disaster support organizations such as Red Cross, Salvation Army, and Habitat for Humanity, etc, always need volunteers. If, or when a disaster strikes, spontaneous unaffiliated volunteers that want to assist will have delays and processing issues that volunteers already affiliated with a recognized organization will not have to go through. The other important point is that those volunteers affiliated with a recognized disaster response volunteer organization will have a pre-designated role and training specifically designed for that role.

Do not delay! Find your affiliation and join up with a disaster partner organization.

Learn more about volunteering with some of our partnered organizations:

Volunteer Support Teams

You must have completed the 21 hours of CERT Initial Training in order to participate in these volunteer components.

As previously announced, Cobb County EMA has determined the new directions for volunteers who have completed their CERT Initial Training.

Outside of the Volunteer Organizations Active in Disasters (VOAD) members such as Red Cross, Salvation Army, UMCOR and many others, four functional volunteer teams have been created under Cobb EMA to include:

Damage Assessment Team
Contact: Sean Loughlin

Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Support Team
Contact: Bernard King

Search and Rescue Team
Contact: Bernard King

Volunteer Reception Center Team
Contact: Bernard King

Support Team Requirements

On-Site Training Requirements

  • Damage Assessment Team
    Introduction to Preliminary Damage Assessment
  • EOC Support Team
    Introduction to EOC Support (EOC Support I)
  • Volunteer Reception Team
    To be determined at a later date
  • Search and Rescue Team
    Search and Rescue Overview

Independent Study Online Classes Requirements (for all support teams)

These classes may also be offered as interactive in-class trainings throughout the course of the year. You are responsible for keeping track of your certificates of completion for each class and may choose to take all classes online at your leisure, or attend the upcoming interactive trainings. These certificates will be requested during the application process as proof of volunteer eligibility.

  • IS-100 Introduction to the Incident Command System (ICS)
  • IS-200 ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
  • IS-315 CERT Supplemental Training: The Incident Command System
  • IS-317 Introduction to Community Emergency Response Teams
  • IS-700 An Introduction to the National Incident Management System (NIMS)
  • IS-800 An Introduction to the National Response Framework

For additional information, please contact Bernard King. We look forward to working with many of you in the future!

What is Citizen Corps?

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Citizen Corps Logo

Citizen Corps was created to help coordinate volunteer activities that will make our communities safer, stronger, and better prepared to respond to any emergency situation.

It provides opportunities for people to participate in a range of measures to make their families, their homes, and their communities safer from the threats of crime, terrorism, and disasters of all kinds.

The Cobb County Citizen Corps is an advisory council formed to act as a liason between the community and the Cobb County Emergency Management Agency. The members recommend policy and procedure for active citizen corps programs within Cobb County including Cobb Emergency Response Team (CERT) and the Medical Reserve Corps (MRC).

Mission Statement:

The mission of Citizen Corps is to harness the power of every individual through education, training, and volunteer service to make communities safer, stronger, and better prepared to respond to the threats of terrorism, crime, public health issues, and disasters of all kinds.